Hurricane Irma in the US (Photo: Netherlands Ministry of Defense / Handout via REUTERS)
In recent weeks, disaster after disaster struck the continent of America. After Texas was ravaged by Harvey's cyclone, Irma's storm hit the Caribbean and Florida region.
In the near future hurricane Jose also threatens the American continent. Randy Bresnik, a NASA astronaut working at the International Space Station, showed a photo of the stormy Jose movement he saw from outer space.
Hurricane Jose is not the last storm. After the storm Jose, will follow Katia storms, Lee, Maria, and other storms.
If the first letter of each storm is noticed, you may notice that the names of the storms are made in alphabetical order. But how are the names of the storms determined? Who made the names of storms in this world?
Quoted from the page of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the storms in the world are named differently according to the region of the occurrence of these storms. The storms that hit the American continent in the past two weeks, Harvey and Irma, belong to the category of storms in the Atlantic region.
The impact of Hurricane Irma. (Photo: Reuters)
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) of the United States (US) states since 1953 every tropical Atlantic storm that appears is named from the list of names derived from their proposals. The names of these storms are made in alphabetical order and are the names of women and men in turn.
The names of these storms are then maintained and updated through strict procedures by the WMO international committee.
Storm Names in the Atlantic Region (Photo: National Hurricane Center)
The six lists of storms mentioned above will be used repeatedly every six years. So, the storm list of 2017 will be used again in 2023.
If in one year there are more than 21 storms that appear in the Atlantic region, additional storms will be named by taking the name of the Greek alphabet, Alpha, Beta, and so on.
The name change of storm outside of the above six lists is possible when there is a very lethal storm so reusing the storm's name in the future in different storms is considered inappropriate because of the sensitivity.
If such a thing happens, at the annual meeting organized by the WMO committee, the names of storms that have been considered too sensitive to use again are then replaced with new names. Since 1953 there have been dozens of storm names in the retired Atlantic region.
Atlantic Storms That Have Been Retired (Photo: National Hurricane Center)
If the names of the retired storms are carefully observed, you will see that until 1978, the names of retired Atlantic storms were names that seemed to be female.
It is not something that is surprising. For, during the Second World War, US sailors named the Atlantic storms by their wives and daughters. This practice is then passed on by the US government that always names the storm with the female name.
But because in the 1970s the storm naming method by the name of the woman was considered sexist, it began in 1979 the method of sowing the storm was changed. The names of storms are then taken from the names of women and men alternately as in the six lists above.
Hurricane Irma in the US
(Photo: NOAA National Weather Service National Hurricane Center / Handout via REUTERS)
What about the names of storms in other areas?
Like the Atlantic storms, the names of storms in other areas were also determined under WMO approval. It's just, in a different way.
For example, for the names of storms in the western North Pacific region, in 2000 each of the 14 countries in the North Pacific region proposed 10 candidate names - to the name of the animal, plant, astrological sign, mythological figure or any such personal name - so it collected a list of names totaling 140 names.
The list of names was then reviewed by the WMO committee before it was finally approved for use in the national weather reports of each country.
Appearance of Hurricane Irma from Outer Space (Photo: Instagram @nasa)
Is there a name of a proposed storm that was later rejected by the WMO committee?
Quoted from Antara, tropical storms should not be named after murderers or impressing criminals. If it is done, the WMO that is brought to the UN, will veto it.
It happened in April 2015 when WMO banned the use of the name "Isis", the ancient Egyptian fertility goddess, from a list of hurricanes of 2016 that struck the eastern North Pacific to the central North Pacific.
The name "Isis" was rejected because the name was reminiscent of the violent Isis militant group and often carried out acts of terrorism so as to give a bad impression to the storm if the name was used.