Unravel 8 (Eight) Tactics of Hong Kong Demonstrator -->
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    Unravel 8 (Eight) Tactics of Hong Kong Demonstrator

    Monday, August 12, 2019, August 12, 2019 EDT Last Updated 2019-08-19T02:32:16Z
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    Hong Kong demonstrations continue. The last action carried out by the demonstrators was to occupy Hong Kong International Airport on Friday (9/8/2019). This time the action that was held was focused in order to get global public support related to the issue of rejection of the Extradition Bill, which during the last two months continued to be voiced.

    Hong Kong Protest, Hong Kong International Airport, Julie Eadeh, Hong Kong Airport Protest, Hong Kong 2nd Amendment, Hong Kong Airport Status, Why are they protesting in Hong Kong today, Hong Kong News, China, Hong Kong China, Hong Kong Airport Shutdown, When did Hong Kong became part of China, Is Hong Kong Airport Open, Hong Kong Airport Live, Hong Kong Airport Closure, Extradited, Hong Kong Riots 2019 Explained, Hong Kong Extradited,
    Hong Kong Protest
    Hong Kong people protest on the main road near the Legislative Council as they continue to protest against the unpopular extradition bill in Hong Kong. AP / Kin Cheung

    The majority of the demonstrators dressed in black gathered in the airport waiting room to broadcast the "truth" that occurred in Hong Kong to the passengers of the plane, especially for foreign nationals. "There is no rioters, only tyranny," they always shouted. In addition, the demonstrators also raised banners and paper - in Chinese and English - which condemned police violence: "Save Hong Kong from police tyranny and brutality!"

    At first the action was feared that it would disrupt flight schedules, but in reality the airport could still operate as usual. Occupancy at the Hong Kong International Airport is planned to take place throughout this weekend. Charlotte Au, a 16-year-old student who also took part in the action, told Channel News Asia: "We want to tell the passengers of the incoming plane what happened in Hong Kong. So we prepared this leaflet to show the five main demands. We hope to tell them the truth and get their support. "

    Passengers arriving at Hong Kong International Airport seemed confused when they came to the hall to rest. However, many of them stopped to take photos or received flyers distributed by the demonstrators. Clara Boudehen, a foreign national who claimed to have come from France, told the Telegraph that she was deeply impressed by the mass actions she had seen.

    "Democracy is not absolute. We must fight for it. To see the struggle of the population in terms of democracy is very important. "

    As for Monica Yoon Hee Jung, who had just arrived from Korea, admitted that she was a bit nervous before going to Hong Kong, especially considering that many countries have also issued travel warnings to go there in the last few days. However, when he saw first hand what had happened, his response immediately changed.

    The rejection of the Extradition Bill is still ongoing in Hong Kong. What were the tactics used by the demonstrators?

    "When I saw the protesters here, it was really peaceful. They are not aggressive at all. I feel they are trying to show their true hearts. Very sincere, "he said, also reported by Channel News Asia.

    The question is: how can mass action that has been going on for months in a crowded country like Hong Kong, while also bringing chaos here and there, is still able to arouse the sympathy of many foreigners? To answer this question, it is important to discuss at least eight tactics carried out by the demonstrators so far.

    From Being "Water" to Crowdfunding-Based Revolution
    The first tactic used by Hong Kong demonstrators is to exclude the leader in their actions. This leaderless resistance tactic is commonly known as leaderless resistance. With various variants, this tactic is actually used by right, left, anarchist and jihadists.

    Leaderless resistance is a concept initiated by Col. Ulius Louis Amoss, a former US intelligence officer, in the early 1960s. Amoss saw that the concept of being without leadership could effectively prevent penetration while destroying the destruction of communist cells in Eastern European countries under Soviet control.

    In 1983, a member of the Ku Klux Klan, Louis Beam, echoed the concept of leaderless resistance through his essay. He reiterated the same thing in 1992. According to Beam, resistance without leadership was the right technique for white nationalists to continue the struggle against the US government, despite the enormous imbalance in power and resources.

    So how do you implement leaderless resistance tactics by Hong Kong demonstrators? To replace the position of command, they organized themselves using technology - which became the next tactic. In this case, the context in question is to use encrypted messages through online and active applications in various online forums, especially in LIHKG - a kind of Hong Kong version of Reddit.

    One example, as contained in the BBC report, nearly 4,000 protesters voted in the Telegram group to determine whether the demonstrators returned that night or continued protests outside the Hong Kong police headquarters. As many as 39% of them voted at the police station, although the siege continued for six hours.

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    Professor Francis Lee of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, has an interesting term for this tactic: "open-source protest". The absence of leadership also encourages people to want to be involved in demonstrations. This could also be based on other calculations, such as the possibility that they were targeted by the authorities not as big as Joshua Wong who was the leader of the Umbrella Movement or Benny Tai and Chan Kin-man who initiated the Occupy Central plan. One thing is clear, the tactic indirectly shows how the implementation of participatory democracy that is organic, healthy, and right on target.

    Return to using the messaging application. Besides Telegram, other features such as Airdrop - unfortunately this is only available on the iPhone - can also be used to spread posters and banners, even to target the public, about the next action quickly and without cable connection. Before the action, the demonstrators in the Telegram usually also reminded each other "to activate AirDrop!".

    Meanwhile, when the action takes place on the field, demonstrators on the front lines usually use sign language tactics to communicate certain things. For example, to request that some equipment that is needed immediately get to the front. Later, the long human chain will work shoulder to shoulder carrying the intended tool or item from back to front.

    The next tactic is to create a special team to neutralize / extinguish tear gas. This team usually consists of only five-six people and occupies a position slightly behind the front line. When the tear gas is thrown by the police, they will immediately shut it down using special equipment, namely traffic cones, so that the distribution of the smoke can be limited, then extinguished by pouring water into the chimney.

    Hong Kong demonstrators also have another tactic which is to avoid clashes with authorities to prevent casualties. Conscious of not having heavy equipment or capable urban battle tactics, they will prevent clashes in the most disciplined and disciplined manner possible. Demonstrators in the forefront will signal "one-two" before then followed by the next line behind them.

    The tactic of avoiding clashes was also applied by the demonstrators moving fluidly spread to various points and no longer force themselves to occupy certain places, unless it does have urgency related to their agenda. Like the occupation of the airport which is intended to get global public support, for example. This tactic was inspired by Bruce Lee's famous words, "Be water", about the ability to adapt in any situation.

    The last tactic used by the demonstrators was to raise funds with the aim of being able to advertise in full pages in the world's leading newspapers. The momentum they are aiming for is the G-20 Summit which was held in Osaka, Japan, at the end of June 2019. The crowdfunding also succeeded spectacularly.

    In just a few hours, the funds collected reached more than £ 600,000. The graphic design special volunteer then made interesting posters and sent them via e-mail to various world newspapers. As a result, a full-page black-and-white ad with the message "Stand with Hong Kong at G20" aired from the New York Times, The Guardian, Le Monde, Süddeutsche Zeitung, The Australian, Asahi Shimbun, Globe & Mail, to Seoul Daily, several days ahead of the G-20 Summit officially begins.


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