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    Already Know Yet, Difference Between Corona and Common Colds

    Saturday, March 7, 2020, March 07, 2020 EDT Last Updated 2020-03-28T09:34:10Z
    Corona virus does have the same symptoms as the common cold or cold, so at first this virus might be a little difficult to detect. But actually there are some differences that can be seen from the Corona virus and the common cold or flu. So you better understand, as quoted from Live Science, here are some differences between the Corona virus and the common cold.

    Health, Corona Virus, Coronavirus Virus, Health Care, Health Insurance, Corona Virus Symptoms, COVID-19, Health Department, Colds, Influenza
    Difference between Corona and Common Colds / Photo: shutterstock

    Symptoms and Severity
    If you look at the symptoms, it is actually rather difficult to distinguish the Corona virus from colds or the common cold. Both seasonal viruses, such as influenza A and influenza B, as well as COVID-19 or Corona virus are both infectious viruses that cause respiratory disease. Both also have the same symptoms, such as fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, headache, runny nose or nasal congestion, fatigue, and sometimes can also cause vomiting and diarrhea. Usually flu symptoms appear suddenly. But in some people, flu can cause complications, including pneumonia.

    As for COVID-19 or Corona virus, doctors are still trying to understand the complete picture of the symptoms and the severity of the disease. This is because the symptoms reported from Corona patients vary from mild to severe, and can include fever, coughing, and shortness of breath.

    In general, from studies conducted in inpatients it has been found that around 83% to 98% of Corona patients have fever, 76% to 82% experience dry cough and 11% to 44% experience fatigue or muscle aches. This was stated by a study of COVID -19 published on February 28 in the journal JAMA. Other symptoms, including headaches, sore throats, stomach aches, and diarrhea, have been reported, but are rare.

    Another recent study, considered the largest of COVID-19 cases to date from the Center for Disease Control and Protection of China, analyzed 44,672 confirmed cases in China between 31 December and 09 February 2020. Of all the cases, 80.9% ( or 36,160 cases) were considered mild, 13.8% (6,168 cases) were severe and 4.7% (2,087) were critical.

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    "Critical cases are those that show respiratory failure, septic shock, and / or dysfunction / failure of many organs," the researchers wrote in the paper published in China CDC Weekly.

    It is important to note that according to WHO, the respiratory virus can also cause the same symptoms as the Corona virus, so it is very difficult to distinguish by just looking at the symptoms.

    Death rate
    The difference between the Corona virus and the common cold the second can be seen from the death rate. According to The New York Times, the death rate from the common cold or cold in the United States is usually around 0.1% while for cases of COVID-19 or Corona virus is much higher. According to research from China CDC Weekly, the researchers found that the death rate from COVID-19 or Corona virus was around 2.3% in China. Another study from the New England Journal of Medicine found that the overall death rate of about 1,100 patients treated in hospitals in China was slightly lower, at around 1.4%.

    Actually, the death rate from COVID-19 or Corona virus varies, depending on the location and age of sufferers, and other factors. In Hubei province, China, the source of the Corona virus, the death rate reached 2.9%. In other provisions in China, the mortality rate is only 0.4% according to the China CDC Weekly Study.

    While the mortality rate is much higher for older people, which is around 14.8% for people aged 80 years and over. For ages between 70 and 79, the mortality rate is reduced to 8%, ages 60 to 69 are 3.6%, ages 50 to 59 are 1.3%, ages 40 to 49 are 0.4%, and ages 10 to 39 only 0.2%. No cases of death in children under 9 years were reported.

    Virus Transmission
    Already Know Yet, Difference Between Corona Virus and Common Colds Photo: shutterstock
    The difference between the Corona virus and the common cold or flu is the subsequent transmission of the virus. The measure to determine how easily the virus spreads is known as the "basic reproduction number" or R0. R0 is the estimated average number of people who catch the virus from an infected person. According to a report from The New York Times, flu has an R0 value of around 1.3. While for COVID-19 or Corona virus, researchers are still trying to find out. Previous studies from JAMA published on February 28 estimated the R0 value for COVID-19 or the new Corona virus to be between 2 and 3. This means that each person who has been infected has the potential to spread the virus to an average of 2 to 3 people.

    Estimates can vary depending on factors such as location, how often the person makes direct contact with other people and efforts to prevent viral infections from entering the body.

    Risk of being infected
    According to the CDC, an average of 8% of people in the United States suffer from flu each season. On March 2 it was reported that there were about 91 cases of COVID-19 or Corona virus in the United States. The cases included 43 cases detected through public health surveillance and 48 cases from Americans "repatriated" to the US. According to the CDC, emerging viruses of this kind have always been a public health problem, but some people have a higher risk of infection, such as health workers.

    The difference between the Corona virus and the common cold or flu is seeing from the area of ​​its spread. Never equate seasonal or annual flu with a flu pandemic. A flu pandemic or a global outbreak of a new flu virus is very different from the common cold. Like in 2009 there was a swine flu pandemic, which is estimated to have killed 151 thousand to 575 thousand people worldwide according to the CDC.

    Although the Corona outbreak has not yet been declared a flu pandemic, WHO has declared the Corona outbreak or COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern. This was stated because of concerns that the virus could spread to countries with weaker health systems. On February 24, WHO Director General, Tedros Adhanom, Ghebreyesus, said that the Corona virus had the potential to become a flu pandemic.

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    The difference between the Corona virus and the common cold or flu is the way to prevent it. Unlike the common cold that already has a vaccine to protect itself from infection, COVID-19 does not yet have a preventive vaccine. To date, researchers at the US National Institutes of Health are in the initial stages of developing a COVID-19 virus prevention vaccine.

    In general, the CDC recommends preventing the spread of the respiratory virus, which includes Corona virus by washing hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, avoiding touching the eyes, nose and mouth using an unwashed hand, avoiding contact with sick people, stay at home when sick, and clean objects that are often touched.

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