Terrible Stories Current Date 'Doomsday 1815' Eruption of Mount Tambora 10-11 April 1815 (Part 1)
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    Terrible Stories Current Date 'Doomsday 1815' Eruption of Mount Tambora 10-11 April 1815 (Part 1)

    Saturday, April 11, 2020, April 11, 2020 EDT Last Updated 2020-04-11T09:15:26Z
    The mountain trembled around us; While the rain water mixed with dust fell whipping from the sky

    Children screaming and crying, also their mothers; Because believe the world has turned into blazing ash.
    Quotations from the Bima Kingdom Poem written by Khatib Lukman, 1830, and published by Chambert-Loit, a French Orientalist, 1932. Describes how terrible the eruption of Mount Tambora on 10-11 April 1815. The world at that time was like doomsday ‘Doomsday 1815’



    Illustration of Mount Tambora Eruption, 10-11 April 1815. Source: Youtube 3dstudiomark



    On April 5, 1815, the giant Mount Tambora, which at that time had an altitude of around 4,300 meters above sea level (masl), in the Sanggar peninsula, Sumbawa Island, began to wake up after centuries of long sleep. The initial eruption surprised many people. His voice was heard as far away as Makassar, Maluku, Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. To the surprise of various parties, including the Governor General of England, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who suspected that it was the sound of a sudden cannon attack by the enemy.


    However, that was only the initial stretch. The most powerful eruption occurred 5 days later. On April 10, 1815, Mount Tambora boomed violently. Earth Sumbawa shook violently. Society thinks it has happened doomsday. All running around do not necessarily want to save themselves.

    It is said, at that time, April 10, 1815, the night around seven o'clock at night, on the island of Sumbawa, when people had gathered with their families in their homes. At the same time, the Mount Tambora eruption was complete. Three pillars of fire came out, gushed out near the top of the mountain. Initially like separate, each lighted. Then, getting bigger soars soaring. Then merged with the air as if to tear the sky.


    The atmosphere is very scary, dangerous and confusing. In an instant, the body of the mountains in the Sanggar area turned into a stream of fire in all directions, like a roll of fire that was very liquid. Thus the testimony of King of Sanggar and how many others - few people survived the eruption of Mount Tambora - to Lieutenant Owens Philips, a member of the British occupation army, who arrived in Bima on April 18, 1815. Lieutenant Philips was assigned by Raffless to examine the effects of the eruption. This is as written by Bernice The Jong Boers in his book ‘Mount Tambora in 1815: a Vocanic Eruption in Indonesia And its Aftermath.
    The tantrums of Mount Tambora that destroyed her own body lasted endlessly. The dense forest and houses all fell down in the fire. Pumice - some the size of walnuts and some twice the size of a fist of an adult human hand - continues to rain down villages on the Sanggar peninsula.



    One corner at the bottom of the Tambora crater. Photo: Hrley Sastha
    About two hours later, a lot of ash and dust was thrown into the atmosphere. Thus, the sky becomes very dark. The top of the mountain that still gave out fire was not visible because of it.


    Then, the clouds grew thicker, hot clouds rolled down the mountain slopes with incredible speed. So that the air around it becomes estimated to rise to thousands of degrees.

    The next event was so fast. There was a whirlwind of wind that blew very strong. Then followed by falling dust from the sky like heavy rain. Whirlwinds and tornadoes destroy and rip everything in its path. Houses, livestock pens and livestock, horses, humans and large trees uprooted to their roots. All without exception. Some of these objects fly up into the air. Including humans and livestock.


    The Sanggar and Koteh villages and villages on the Sanggar peninsula were destroyed, razed to the ground and vanished. The village of Tambora, which is very close to Mount Tambora, hilan ditetelang and sank in a sea of ​​pumice, sand and dust. Not only that, those who managed to survive at that time, then had to face the danger that continued to kill him: a giant wave of sea water that rolled.

    At that time, a British ship that was sailing a little distance around the coast of the Flores strait covered by ash and a barrage of volcanic material, immediately surprised, as if he could not believe what he saw. He saw the tsunami waves as high as 4 meters quickly curled up and swept houses, rice fields and fields along the Sanggar coast.

    The Sanggar peninsula and its surroundings were completely ruined. After being hit from the air, the summit and the belly of the mountain and the sea, then the collapse of the ground along with the collapse of the peak and the giant cone wall of Mount Tambora. The plains slowly subsided.

    I also remember when I climbed this mountain several times through the four cardinal points. Especially when it descends into the base of the giant caldera, heading to Tambora's uterus at a depth of 1.4 kilometers from its highest point at an altitude of 2,851 meters. Goosebumps and creeps when you imagine it. Five years ago, April 2015, for 12 days climbing and descending into the caldera base. Go back up then go down through a different path. Everything to try to trace the great eruption that occurred in the past two centuries.


    It's hard to imagine, if there are people who can survive in such a terrible natural disaster. However, King of Sanggar and his family were a handful of people who survived and witnessed the great event later.
    According to Gillen D'Arcy Wood's notes, Prof. English Literature from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, one of the factors of the survival of Raja Sanggar and his family, because he benefited from the topography of Mount Tambora. Where when the eruption occurred on April 10, 1815, the flow of magma drifted towards the northwest and south and the market winds that brought volcanic ash towards the islands of Bali and Java.

    To be Contiinued .....


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