Terrible Stories Current Date 'Doomsday 1815' Eruption of Mount Tambora 10-11 April 1815 (Part 2) -->
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    Terrible Stories Current Date 'Doomsday 1815' Eruption of Mount Tambora 10-11 April 1815 (Part 2)

    Saturday, April 11, 2020, April 11, 2020 EDT Last Updated 2020-04-11T09:15:01Z
    So, King of Sanggar and his family, using their horses away from the sea by road to the south. They followed the narrow road between Koteh and Dompu, which was the only route that was protected from lava flooding. Imagine, they run between rivers filled with burning lava and popping up to 5 meters high. And survived and told well all the pictures of the devastating event to Lieutenant Philips.


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    Illustration of panic atmosphere that occurred in the community when Mount Tambora blaring fiercely, April 1815. Source: smithsonnianmag.com


    According to Raffless's notes, based on reports from witnesses of resident officials in various areas of their respective powers, the eruption on April 10, 1815, was heard as far as Cirebon to the east. The earth and the sea were trembling many times. Then it becomes dark and raining ashes. One who experienced it Solo and Rembang. The islands of Bali, Sulawesi and Maluku reportedly experienced the same thing.

    Testimony

    Mount Tambora's booming, did not stop on April 10, 1815. It continued to rumble out a loud sound to throw the contents of her womb, all the volcanic material. Until the next day on April 11, 1815, a more violent explosion occurred. Throughout the day from that date until the evening, everything was completely pitch black. The atmosphere continued until the next day. So dark and thick ashes, reported in the Solo area at 4 pm, objects that were about 250 meters away could not be seen at all. Not much different from what happened in Gresik and other eastern regions. 8 inch thick volcanic ash was reported in Banyuwangi.

    Mount Tambora has completely destroyed itself. One-third of his height is lost and at the same time spit out his bowels. Then leaving only a height of 2,851 and a giant caldera hole more than 7 kilometers in diameter and a depth of 1.4 kilometers from its highest point in the caldera's bite. Looks like a new hit by a large meteor.

    Mount Tambora eruption  April, 10-11 1815, its strength reached 171 thousand times the power of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in August 1945 and seven of the eight scale Volcanic Explosivity Index. Spewing rocks and ash up to more than 150 cubic kilometers. The eruption column reached a height of 40-50. Conducting aeorosol dust into space up to the stratosphere layer up to 43 kilometers.

    The lunge of ash and rain of sand and rock that was hurled at him had speeds of up to 60 kilometers per hour and produced hot temperatures up to 800 degrees Celsius.
    Maryor M. H. Court, Resident of Bangka Island, reported that on the morning of April 11, 1815, there were alternating eruptions in Minto, Bangka. It sounded like a cannon fire.

    While there are other reports of George Zimmer who got a story from an 80-year-old woman in 1874. The old woman said, that he heard a terrible voice in 1815. According to him, at that time the earth shook and everyone looked scared. They think the sky will collapse. Then followed by the falling ash rain.


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    Sulfatara gas and smoke in one of the wall saddle at the bottom of the Tambora caldera. Shows Mount Tambora is still active until now. Photo: Harley Sastha

    A cruiser named Benares, traveled on April 13, 1815 from Makassar and arrived on Sumbawa on April 18, 1815. The commander recounted that his ship was approaching the coast of Sumbawa, they saw so many black charcoal pumice with a thickness of several inches floating into the sea.

    Not only that, it also saw large wooden sticks like floating burnt marks. Because of the many, making it difficult for Benares to enter the Bima bay. However, when they managed to dock, they saw a ship from Ternate which had been in Bima for several months. Several other large and small vessels were seen to have been swept away and stranded far from the coastline due to wind and tsunami waves.

    When the Benares sailed towards Mount Tambora, they saw that on the slopes the mountain still appeared to flow red. Some others have flowed towards the beach and arrived at the sea.


    However, while Benares was still in Makassar, before April 13, 1815, according to his commander, the sailors heard a very loud explosion. Like the sound of a shot fired from from three to four weapons. Much louder than the sound of the previous explosion. That is why they decided to sail south to check the sound of the explosion.

    During the voyage, they saw a dark and gloomy sky. It was so dark that they could not distinguish between ships and coastlines. Then, volcanic ash began to fall on the deck of the ship. According to him, at that time the atmosphere looked very dark. He said he had never seen such darkness before. Even to see the hands in front of the eye though can not.
    Lieutenant Philips when he arrived was very surprised to see what was happening. According to a note he wrote on April 23, 1815, in Bima, he was shocked and confused because he saw houses and villages that were devastated. Looks really terrible.

    According to records written by William K. Klingaman and Nicholas P. Klingaman in his book Year Without Summer, it is said, twenty-four hours after Mount Tambora erupted, the ash cloud had expanded to cover an area as large as Australia. Then, over the next few days most ash clouds drifted over the islands to the west and northwest of Mount Tambora. When the ash cloud finally left, villages within 32 kilometers of the mountain appeared to be covered in almost forty inches thick volcanic ash.


    Of the many eruptions, according to Raffless, the eruption on April 10, 1815, was very great continuously and thrilling. Meanwhile, on the night of April 11, 1815, the eruption continued and was most terrible. So, according to him, April 10-11 1815, became the most devastating eruption that occurred on Mount Tambora.

    It's midnight time; The sound popped up like a cannon. After all the natural shock; Feels like the world is sinking.
    The break of dawn broke; Allah's wretched disaster is brought down. All people are grieved; Crying all of them.
    The sound of the material is very anchored; The water overflowed with habu. Shouting for children and mother; He thought the world turned gray.
    (Quotations of the Poem of the Kingdom of Bima, Khatib Lukman, 1830).

    The horrifying memories of the events of 10-11 April 1815, until now still stored in the public's memory, are a story going down. They call it the rainy age au. Or rain ash. Not surprisingly, until now the villages and houses of residents stand far from the slopes of Mount Tambora.

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