There are various ways you can do to deal with high blood pressure or hypertension, one of which is by taking medication. Like most drugs, hypertension drugs also have side effects. What are the side effects of hypertension drugs?
Side effects of hypertension drugs that must be known. (Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/Everyday better to do everything)
Hypertension can trigger various diseases that are harmful to the body, such as heart disease, stroke, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and other blood vessel diseases. Therefore, it is advisable to take drugs that may be needed to reduce blood pressure.
When Should Hypertension Drugs Be Used?
Quoted from Medlineplus, if blood pressure reaches 120/80 to 129/80 mmHg, hypertension medication is still not mandatory. Blood pressure This number shows that your blood pressure tends to be high.
However, if the blood pressure is equal to or higher than 130/80 but lower than 140/90 mm Hg, then stage 1 high blood pressure is confirmed. In stage 2, blood pressure can be higher than 140/90 mm Hg.
In this condition, hypertension medication is needed which can bring blood pressure back to normal. Even so, people with high blood pressure are advised to consult to avoid side effects of hypertension drugs that may occur.
Side Effects of Hypertension Drugs
Like other drugs, side effects of hypertension drugs can also occur. Most are mild and can wear off over time.
Some of the side effects of hypertension drugs, include:
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Dizzy or dizzy
- Erectile problems
- Feeling nervous
- Feeling tired, weak, sleepy, or lacking in energy
- Nausea or vomiting
- skin rash
- Weight loss or gain without trying
If you feel side effects of hypertension drugs, consult a doctor immediately. They will check and change the dosage, even replace the drug to relieve the side effects of hypertension drugs that appear.
Drugs for Hypertension
Several types of drugs are used to treat high blood pressure, which is certain with the right dosage to avoid the side effects of hypertension drugs. Here are some drugs that are quite common for people with hypertension:
This drug is also called a water pill. That helps the kidneys remove salt (sodium) from the body and keeps blood vessels from retaining as much fluid and your blood pressure to drop.
These drugs make the heart beat more slowly and with less force.
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors)
This drug reduces the production of angiotensin II in the body. This helps relax blood vessels which can lower blood pressure.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
This medication reduces the action of angiotensin II in the body. This helps relax blood vessels, which lowers blood pressure.
Calcium channel blockers
This drug works to relax blood vessels by reducing calcium entering the cells in the blood vessel walls.
As for hypertension drugs that are not used too often, such as:
- Alpha-blockers, which help relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure.
- Drugs that act centrally signal the brain and nervous system to relax blood vessels.
- Vasodilators signal the muscles in the walls of blood vessels to relax.
- Renin blockers act by reducing the amount of angiotensin precursors thereby relaxing the blood vessels.
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